Most Polar Bears Gone By 2050 !


Polar bears are in serious danger of going extinct due to global warming. Rising temperatures cause sea ice to melt, especially in the summer months when the polar bears are the most active. Polar bears depend on sea ice as habitat for hunting. As available sea ice decreases, polar bears have to swimfarther to find suitable habitat and it takes much longer to find a meal. Compounding the problem, sea ice loss also impacts polar bears main food source... seals. Polar bears need our help and protection to ensure a long, healthy future for them. The best way you can help polar bears is by react.


But it’s not too late to save the polar bear if we join together and take immediate action.
The science is clear.We know what needs to be done..we just need to build the political support to do it.

Two-thirds of the world's polar bears could disappear by 2050 as global warming continues
to melt the Arctic's sea ice. The aim of our project is to save the polar bears.

This month we are expecting to see a record ice melt in the Arctic. But this is not a world record we can celebrate. This is a wake-up call from planet Earth. Just 30 years ago, the Arctic Ocean ice cap covered an area roughly the size of Australia. Within a few decades, it will almost certainly disappear completely for the summer months. This will be the first time a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean has existed for many thousands of years. The Earth without the white area at the top of the world will look radically different from those first photographs we took of our home planet from space just four decades ago. Those first pictures of the tiny, vulnerable, yet beautiful Earth led in part to the environmental movement. And now this movement has to dramatically change gear in response to what is happening. The Arctic is home to millions of people, including Inuit whose ancestors first settled thousands of years ago. It is also a unique ecosystem, home to some of the most extraordinary species on Earth, from the narwhal to the walrus to the polar bear. For hundreds of other migratory species, including humpback whales and Canada geese, it is a vital summer feeding ground. The amazing Arctic also plays a critical role in regulating our climate. The Arctic sea ice is like a giant mirror that reflects much of the sun's energy, helping to keep our planet cool. The formation of Arctic sea ice produces dense salt water which sinks, helping drive the deep ocean currents. Without the ice, this delicate balance will be upset and could cause profound regional and global climatic changes. We all rely on the Arctic for our survival. And now we are in danger of losing one of the world's great ecosystems and an important life support system leaving all species facing an increasingly insecure and uncertain future. But paradoxically, right now, no species will profit from it as much as the one causing it: humans. Oil companies do not like to talk about this. But at this moment, energy companies like Shell are preparing to invade areas of the Arctic Ocean that were once protected by the ice. They're desperate to claim the oil that lies beneath the seabed, so they can make more money, by burning more fuel, and melting more ice. It's a vicious circle driven by greed. But we know that, sooner or later, we are going to have to move on to some other source of energy that isn't oil. This is inevitable. The oil that flows from beneath the Arctic Ocean is destined to run out. It only holds three years' worth of global supply. If there was an oil spill, similar to the Exxon Valdez or Deepwater Horizon, it could be catastrophic for Arctic marine life. We should now declare the destruction of such a unique place as an act of vandalism on an unprecedented scale and take action to stop it. And we must also invest in new, greener sources of energy and energy efficiency. There must be a global sanctuary declared in the High Arctic and the Arctic Ocean made off limits to the oil industry and unsustainable, high impact, industrial fishing. We have developed a plan that can make this a reality if millions of people join us.

This is perhaps the environment movement's biggest challenge ever. But we've done it before. Just over 20 years ago, Antarctica was at risk from industrialisation and militarisation. Greenpeace led the campaign to protect it. We won that campaign. And now we're determined to save the Arctic. We know this is a different fight, at a different time; not least because the Arctic is home to millions of people who have a critical say in the future of their region; and because the threat is not just from industrial development, but from the global crisis of climate change. But one critical factor remains the same: the united voice of millions of ordinary citizens can still be an irresistible agent of political change. This is a hugely ambitious campaign. That's why we need people and organisations around the world to help save the Arctic. Everyone has to grab this historic moment and reclaim the earth that belongs to us all.




The polar bear is a bear native largely within the Arctic Circle encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses. It is the world's largest land carnivore and also
the largest bear, together with the omnivorous Kodiak Bear, which is approximately the same size.
A boar (adult male) weighs around 350–680 kg (770–1,500 lb), while a sow (adult female) is about half that size. Although it is closely related to the brown bear, it has evolved to occupy a narrower ecological niche, with many body characteristics adapted for cold temperatures, for moving across snow, ice, and open water, and for hunting the seals which make up most of its diet. Although most polar bears are born on land, they spend most of their time at sea. Their scientific name means "maritime bear", and derives from this fact. Polar bears can hunt their preferred food of seals.

The polar bear is classified as a vulnerable species, with eight of the nineteen polar bear subpopulations in decline. For decades, large scale hunting raised international concern for the future of the species but populations rebounded after controls and quotas began to take effect. For thousands of years, the polar bear has been a key figure in the material, spiritual, and cultural life of Arctic peoples, and remain important in their cultures. Polar bears live along shores and on sea ice in the the icy cold Arctic. When sea ice forms over the ocean in cold weather, many polar bears, except pregnant females, head out onto the ice to hunt seals. Polar bears have been spotted on sea ice hundreds of miles from shore. When the warm weather causes the sea ice to melt, polar bears move back toward shore.


The fragile Arctic is under threat from both climate change and oil drilling. As climate change melts the Arctic ice, oil companies are moving in to extract more of the fossil fuels that caused the melt in the first place. But above the Arctic circle, freezing temperatures, a narrow drilling window and
a remote location mean that an oil spill would be almost impossible to deal with. It's a catastrophe waiting to happen. Greenpeace is working to halt climate change and to stop this new oil rush at the top of the world.



Stop climate change !

Climate change isn't inevitable. We have the knowledge, skills and technologies to get ourselves out of this difficult situation. All over the world people have woken up to the threat, and are working to reduce the use of fossil fuels, stop rainforest destruction and get power from clean energy. Still much more needs to be done.


The campaign, launched at the UN’s Rio+20 sustainable development summit in Brazil, has the backing of some of the world’s most famous actors, writers, directors, musicians, and business leaders, with more than 100 initial, signed-up star supporters ranging from Sir Paul McCartney, Robert Redford and Penelope Cruz to others who are celebrated names in China, India and across the world. Eventually, Greenpeace wants to have a million names on an “Arctic Scroll” which it will plant on the seabed beneath the North Pole, in support of its call for oil drilling and unsustainable fishing be banned in Arctic waters, and for the Pole and its surrounding region to become part of the “global commons” where no nations can claim territorial rights. “The Arctic is coming under assault and needs people from around the world to stand up and demand action to protect it,” said Greenpeace’s International Executive Director, Kumi Naidoo. “A ban on offshore oil drilling and unsustainable fishing would be a huge victory against the forces ranged against this precious region.” Sir Paul McCartney led the way today in the formidable chorus of celebrity support for the campaign which Greenpeace has mobilised. “The Arctic is one of the most beautiful and last untouched regions on our planet, but now it’s under threat,” he said. “Some countries and companies want to open it up to oil drilling and industrial fishing and do to the Arctic what they've done to the rest of our fragile planet.
“It seems madness that we are willing to go to the ends of the Earth to find the last drops of oil when our best scientific minds are telling us we need to get off fossil fuels to give our children a future. At some time, in some place, we need to take a stand. I believe that time is now and that place is the Arctic.” The campaign is one of the biggest Greenpeace has ever undertaken, and is being launched at a critical moment. The rapid melting of the Arctic ice by global warming is opening up a region which was formerly off limits because of its frozen geography, and so has remained untouched and environmentally pure, to large-scale industrial development, particularly exploration for oil, gas and other natural resources. Oil exploration in the High Arctic is set to begin in earnest next month when the giant Anglo-Dutch oil company Shell plans to spend billions of dollars drilling a series of wells in the seabed of the Arctic Ocean, in the Beaufort and Chukchi seas off the north coast of Alaska. It will be followed on the other side of the Arctic by the biggest of all the oil “supermajors”, and the world's largest company, ExxonMobil, which has formed an Arctic exploration partnership worth $3.2bn with Rosneft, the Russian state oil group, to look for oil in the Kara Sea off the coast of Siberia. Not least of the Greenpeace concerns is that a major oil spill under the ice of the Arctic Ocean would be a true environmental disaster, with the extreme conditions making it immensely difficult to deal with – even more so than with BP's catastrophic Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico two years ago. But even more than the oil companies, nation states are now casting envious eyes on the top of the world and its potential natural resource bonanza, and not just the five traditional Arctic countries – the US, Canada, Russia, Norway and Denmark (through its dependency Denmark), some of which are contemplating North Pole territorial claims. In 2007 the Russian explorer Artur Chilingarov planted a Russian flag on the seabed beneath the Pole and ‘claimed’ it for Moscow; it was later revealed he was acting on the instructions of the Russian Government. But even China and India are taking a strong interest, fearful that they might be excluded from the new trade routes – the north-west and north-east passages – that are opening up as the ice melts. Greenpeace wants to bring an end to any superpower scramble for territory and oil by internationalising the whole region, which it would symbolise by planting on the North Pole seabed its own, “non-colonial” flag, named a Flag for the Future, which is to be designed by children in
a global competition organised by the ten million-strong Girl Guide movement. The group will initially push for a UN resolution demanding a global sanctuary and a ban on oil drilling and unsustainable fishing in the Arctic, hoping it can be given protection similar to that afforded to the Antarctic under the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, which was signed in 1991 and has prevented mining taking place at the other end of the world. Another celebrity supporter, the lead singer of Radiohead, Thom Yorke said: “We have to stop the oil giants pushing into the Arctic. An oil spill in the Arctic would devastate this region of breath-taking beauty, while burning that oil will only add to the biggest problem we all face, climate change. That’s why I’m backing this campaign, and why I have signed the Arctic Scroll. I’ll know whenever I look north that my name is planted at the bottom of the ocean at the top of the world as a permanent statement of our joint commitment to save the Arctic.”







The Arctic: A place where oil rigs don't belong

Alaska's Arctic is one of the world's last great, untouched wildernesses -- a place where polar bears still roam and massive caribou herds thunder through the land. Yet, the powerful oil and gas lobby is pressuring Congress and the Obama Administration to open sensitive parts of this pristine area to oil and gas drilling. Oil and gas development would irreparably damage the wild character of the Arctic.

Take action: What you can do to help

By standing together, we can ensure this great natural treasure will not be lost.

Animals and people at risk

The Arctic is a place where indigenous people engage in a subsistence way of life that goes back thousands of years, fishing and hunting as their ancestors before them. Polar bears roam sea ice and salmon run up wild rivers during the short Arctic summer. Hundreds of thousands of caribou migrate across vast landscapes filled with migratory birds from around the world. Wolves and snowy owls still thrive. All of this is incompatible with oil and gas development.

Oil threats on land

The oil and gas industry wants access to areas both on land (the Arctic Wildlife Refuge) and in the Arctic Ocean (the Chukchi and Beaufort seas), even though oil and gas development would carve up the Arctic Refuge with roads and industrial infrastructure, fragmenting otherwise pristine habitat and exposing the fragile tundra and wildlife to toxic chemicals and oil spills.

Oil threats at sea

Urrently, oil and gas companies, including Shell, are attempting to begin drilling operations in the Arctic Ocean. Offshore drilling threatens the sensitive coasts of both the Arctic Refuge and the Western Arctic Reserve. With the oil and gas industry lacking technology to safely operate or recover spilled oil in one of the harshest environments on Earth, these proposals are dangerous. Despite what oil companies say, oil spills are part of drilling. In the Chukchi alone, the government has predicted a 40 percent chance of a significant oil spill.

The Chukchi and Beaufort seas are home to polar bears, several species of seals and whales, millions of birds and 90 percent of the entire Pacific walrus population. An oil spill could devastate critical feeding grounds for these animals, and put them in direct danger of exposure to oil through oil spills. Arctic ecosystems are less likely to recover from spills than those in more temperate climates. Oil breaks down slower in cold weather, while shorter growth and reproduction seasons means that negative impacts persist longer.

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Join me in calling for legal protection in perpetuity for the area around the North Pole. This incredible region must not be subjected to destructive oil drilling and industrial fishing. It is not too much to say that our futures depend on it.